When you have a mysterious condition that affects your muscles and skin, it can be hard to know where to start, especially when you’ve got a million questions.
The first step in getting answers is understanding what polymyositis and dermatomyositis are. In this article, we’ll break down both conditions, plus how they’re different from one another.
What Is Polymyositis, Anyway?
For the most part, this is a skin condition, characterized by excessive red and swollen spots on the skin. However, on the face, hands, feet, hips, scrotum, and back, there can be an acquired feature called “pseudoannual eczema,” which means the skin flake looks like a raised blister.
First identified nearly 100 years ago, polymyositis was first referred to as “perilymphatic abscess”, referring to an infection located under the skin. While this specific type of abscess had not been discovered at that time, the term “pyoderma” had been applied to similar conditions.
Today, scientists have come to terms with the diagnosis of polymyositis, aka inflamed, cystic (or pyknotic), and swelling polyps, to describe a relationship between skin fibroids and the immune system. The cell-rich cysts, swollen by fluid accumulation, are usually found under the dermis, the inner layer of the skin.
If left untreated, the condition can lead to severe skin infections and diseases (eg, polymicrops, seborrheic dermatitis, granulomatosis, and toxic epidermolysis bullosa) that can affect people of all ages.
People with underlying immune conditions, genetic syndications, and pre-existing skin conditions may end up with severe cases of the condition, known as “blood-forming granulomatosis.”
The Most Symptoms of Monosyphosis X
The condition most commonly associated with this fungal skin infection is monosyphosis xeroderma. This condition produces a red bump on the forehead, cheeks, chin, forehead, nose, and back. The bumps are usually painless and not serious enough to cause physical discomfort.
WHAT IS Polymyositis?
When the bumps explode, however, they cause intense itching. Often, these spots that are swollen and painful start out as red or pink. Over time, the swelling may not be noticeable, but the skin will eventually change to pale yellow. This is because most of the fungal cells have been eaten away by the body.
The pathologist can also observe cysts (colonized) on the face that look like pimples but affect more of the face, not just one area.
Heck, even if you don’t have any other skin diseases, you may end up with this skin infection if you’re allergic to specific foods and/or share the same genetic predisposition as those who have it.
Monosyphosis xeroderma is an acquired, immune-mediated skin condition. Most people that get it don’t have any symptoms at all, even on the face. If you have this condition, there’s a good chance you also have an immune response triggered by an environmental factor.
How Do You Get It?
Getting monosyphosis xeroderma is much like getting acne; it’s strongly linked to the immune system and childbirth.
Polymyositis, also known as myofascial cryptic cell schistosomiasis, affects about 1 in 10 people. The long, thick skin, caused by a buildup of thick, fatty substances in the connective tissues, can be painful in a variety of ways. Sometimes the fat picks up the skin’s natural collagen, which can make your skin look grimy looking. Other times it causes scarring that causes the skin to become misshapen. Since the body struggles to digest and absorb most fats, the condition can cause abdominal pain, diarrhoea and problems with digestion.
What is dermatory Muscle Syndrome?
Dermatomyositis, also known as disseminated localized inflammatory dermatosis, affects about 1 in 40 people. This condition results from the hyper-responsive reaction of the body’s immune system to an infection. In most cases, the skin becomes red and inflamed, and there can be swelling or tenderness.
Polymyositis rarely causes complications, but dermatomyositis is more severe and can cause infections, dark patches of skin and potentially organ damage, according to Dr. Maria Eleuteríne Nkeriá, an assistant clinical professor of dermatology and allergy medicine at the University of Michigan Health System.
The condition can progress to third- and fourth-degree skin infections.
How Dermatomyositis and Polymyositis compare?
Here’s the best way to know if you have one or both conditions:
The main thing is that both of these conditions are associated with pain and may require medical assistance.Nkeriá
Here’s how these conditions compare from a diagnosis and treatment perspective.
What is Polymyositis?
Polymyositis means having too much of one type of protein in your body genetically known as myofascial triggers. Those triggers can affect muscle function in any number of ways. It may cause rigidity and stiffness is weakness; it may cause muscle tightness and quad and calf cramps; it may cause inflammation in the skin and contribute to skin infections.
There are multiple causes, but they are all the same in that the cause occurs when the levels of myofascial trigger protein, known as myofascial 24-hour white blood cells, exceed the amount that’s seen in the general population.Melissa Macher, PhD, PhD, a clinical instructor in nutrition, dietetics and dietetics at University of South Florida.
In people with polymyositis, the cells that make myofascial proteins naturally don’t work as efficiently, causing them to accumulate and create multiple sensitivities that result in a response from the immune system, Nkeriá says. “In my opinion, the cause of polymyositis is either poor nutrition (due to low vitamin D and/or B12), stress or hormonal imbalance,” she adds.
Compare Muscle Myosotis to Dermatoty Myosotis
Don’t worry, you don’t need to know these terms to recognize a muscle injury. Instead, they are terms used to describe muscle changes that can be intensely painful, in addition to potentially stiff or cold. While many people now realize pain is a normal part of training, most people don’t want that to become a sign of weakness.
Thankfully, understanding bizarre conditions like craniosynostosis and dermatomyositis can help alleviate your symptoms.
Symmetry of Muscle
One difference between conditions like muscle dysmorphia and other types of muscle disorders is they tend to affect only one muscle group, the soleus. To be diagnosed with muscles of symmetry, a person experiences pain in muscle groups that are not symmetrical, like when you stretch your leg or do a curl.
They may also experience a burning sensation behind or below the wrist, and experience unusual swelling that affects any part of their body. Muscle symmetry can be measured visually through video review.
How do you know if you have this condition? Many doctors recommend paying attention to how you are moving and wearing supportive gear to assess for signs and symptoms.
How Do You Diagnose?
If you had surgery for this condition, you may use somebody that was employed in the military and recalled to active duty to deal with the pain. Wherever you served, they may have taught you how to treat this condition. The best advice is to talk to your doctor to figure out if you have this condition. If they diagnose you, have these three autoimmune medications (amitriptyline, montelukast, or teriparatide) ready to go.
When you have muscle myositis, it affects at least one side (called dominant side) in all of your upper, middle, and/or lower body muscles, just as a dominant side of the body can have a disease that affects multiple sides (called mosaic).
In classical muscle myositis (also known as simultaneous hypermobility and myoclonus), your body creates more MyHCa molecules in muscle tissues. The more MyHCa molecules, the more movements of the muscle can happen. What this looks like in your body is a smaller muscle with multiple muscle fibres. The benefit of this over classic muscle disorders like syndromes is you can improve over time.
On the flip side, there may be consequences as your myositis gets worse, especially in terms of strength. That’s because the muscle fibres get weaker because there aren’t enough fibres left to generate enough force. It’s believed that when you have a strong muscle, there are more fibre types to allow for more movement and generate enough force.